” Hindi Chini Bhai Bhai ” – when Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru floated this statement, little did he know that this brotherhood idea would not be enough to tie two nations with such rough history. Mahabharat has description of China as chinas and Chanakya described the Chinese silk as cinamsuka. Chinese scholars have been to Nalanda University. And during the World War II, India and China played crucial role in halting the progress of Imperial Japan. But this has been the most peaceful interaction between these nations. The political landscape started shifting after both the nations got their independence.
In 1950s, Mao Zedong, the founder and first leader of People’s Republic of China (PRC) viewed Tibet as an integral part of PRC. The PRC ended Lamaism and Feudalism in Tibet by force and to avoid a clash with PRC, Nehru cleared to Chinese leaders that India had no interest or ambitions in Tibet. PRC signed the Five Priciples of Peaceful coexistence (Panchsheel) with Tibet.
But in 1954 Chinese army intruded in and occupied the area of Aksai Chin which started the border clashes between India and China. In 1959, India gave sanctuary to Dalai Lama, the spiritual head of Tibet and this spiked the relations more.
The situations escalated and resulted in 1962 border war between India and China. Since then there have been many congregations and mutual dialogues between the two nations. China whereas blocked the Indian entrance into NSG ( Nuclear Suppliers Group ) and also opposed India in UN on banning Jaish-e-Mohammad Chief Masood Azhar.
In the present scenario the two prime events in action are :
1). String of Pearls
China’s advancement insetting up its One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative, the seed-thought of Jinping administration has been under wide scrutiny. In accordance with this china has built its ports at
- Gwadar (Pakistan)
- Hambantota (Sri- Lanka)
- Chittagong (Bangladesh)
- Sittwe (Myanmar)
- Maroa (Maldives)
And a considerable amount of defense spendings have been accounted as People Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), the defence standing of China has almost completed its aircraft carrier “Type 001” and the second carrier “Type 002″ is under construction. Type 002 has a bigger class of ship which has modern design and a early warning aircraft feature too. A senior Chinese official was quoted saying ” China needs two carrier strike groups in the western pacific and two in Indian Ocean. So we need five to six aircraft carriers.”
Beijing’s intensions on this have been particularly clear. No matter, the official report says that OBOR is a way of reviving the ancient silk routes for economic benefit of China as well as other South-Asian nations, its obvious that there are added motives too.
2). Line of notional Control
In 1914 British India, Tibet and China sat for an agreement to demarcate a border line. This was the Simla Accord according to which the McMahon Line was established as the line of control. But China wasn’t pleased with this decision and it rejected the treaty although India and Tibet signed. Now, sudden interest of both the countries in the Arunachal area which China calls “South Tibet” has risen due to the presence of Tawang Monastery in this area. Tawang Monastery is the most important site for the Tibetan Buddhists.
On April 4, Dalai Lama visited Arunachal Pradesh with Kiren Rijiju, Union Minister of Home Affairs for a 9 day visit. On this Chinese state media leashed out at India on April 5.
Two English newspapers, China Daily and Global Times have launched scathing attacks on India after Kiren Rijiju remarked that Arunachal Pradesh is “an inseperable part of India”.
China Daily said in its editorial “Rijiju might think himself cute in borrowing a line from Bejeing’s diplomatic representations but he has ignored the fundamental distinction here: like Taiwan and any other part of China, Tibet is a part of Chinese Territory no matter whether New Delhi agrees or not”.
It also said,” If New Delhi chooses to play dirty, however Beijing should not hesitate to answer blows with blows.” (link : http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/2017-04/05/content_28808295.htm)
In its editorial the ruling CPC – run Global Times criticized Rijiju for his visit to the state. It also stated in its editorial with aggressive tone about Chinese future course of action.
“India has benefitted from the good momentum of bilateral relationship as much as China. If New Delhi ruins the Sino-Indian ties and two countries turn to open rivals, can India afford the consequences ?”
The tabloid also read, ” With GDP several times higher than that if India, military capabilities that can reach the Indian Ocean and having good relations with India’s peripheral nations, coupled with the fact that India’s turbulent northern state borders China, if China engages in a geopolitical game with India, will Beijing lose to New Delhi ? ” (link : http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1041035.shtml)
The Indian Navy experts and political think tanks have been signalling towards these major rifts in Sino-Indian ties for a long time. New Delhi needs to mend the muddled up relations and also prepare a strategic defence policy for future.